Now Sarai Abram’s wife had borne him no children: and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar. 2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, Yahweh has restrained me from bearing: go in, I pray you, to my handmaid; it may be that I shall obtain children by her. And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. 3 And Sarai, Abram’s wife took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband to be his wife. 4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes. 5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon you: I have give my handmaid into your bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: Yahweh judge between you and me. 6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, your maid is in your hand; do to her that which is good in your eyes. And when Sarai dealt harshly with her, and she fled from her face.
7 And the angel of Yahweh found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. 8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai’s handmaid, where did you come from? and where are you going? And she said, I am fleeing from the face of my mistress Sarai. 9 And the angel of Yahweh said unto her, Return to your mistress, and submit yourself under her hands. 10 And the angel of Yahweh said unto her, I will greatly multiply your seed, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. 11 And the angel of Yahweh said unto her, Behold, you are with child, and shall bear a son: and shall call his name Ishmael; because Yahweh has heard your affliction. 12 And he shall be as a wild ass among men; his hand shall be against every man, and every man’s hand against him; and he shall dwell over against all his brethren. 13 And she called the name of Yahweh that spoke unto her, You are an El that sees: for she said, Have I even here looked after him that sees me? 14 Therefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bare, Ishmael. 16 And Abram was eighty-six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.
And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, Yahweh appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am El Shaddai; walk before me, and be you perfect. 2 And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly. 3 And Abram fell on his face: and Elohim talked with him, saying, 4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. 5 Neither shall your name any more be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for the father of a multitude of nations have I made you. 6 And I will make you exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come out of you. 7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be an Elohim to you, and to your seed after you. 8 And I will give unto you, and to your seed after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their Elohim.
9 And Elohim said unto Abraham, And as for you, you shall keep my covenant, you, and your seed after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your seed after you; Every male among you shall be circumcised. 11 And you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant between me and you. 12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any foreigner, that is not of your seed. 13 He that is born in your house, and he that is bought with your money, must be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 14 And the uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.
15 And Elohim said unto Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be. 16 And I will bless her, and moreover I will give you a son of her: yes, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her. 17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? 18 And Abraham said unto Elohim, Oh that Ishmael might live before you! 19 And Elohim said, No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son; and you shall call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his seed after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he procreate, and I will make him a great nation. 21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time in the next year.
22 And he left off talking with him, and Elohim went up from Abraham. 23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as Elohim had said unto him. 24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. 27 And all the men of his house, those born in the house, and those bought with money of a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
And Yahweh appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; 2 and he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood over against him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself to the earth, 3 and said, Sir, if now I have found favor in your sight, pass not away, I pray you, from your servant: 4 let now a little water, be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: 5 and I will bring a morsel of bread, and strengthen you your heart; after that you shall pass on: because you come to your servant. And they said, So do, as you have said. 6 And Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes. 7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and brought a calf tender and good, and gave it unto the servant; and he hurried to dress it. 8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they ate.
9 And they said to him, Where is Sarah your wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. 10 And he said, I will certainly return to you when the season comes round; and, lo, Sarah your wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard in the tent door, which was behind him. 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, and well advanced in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 12 And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I have become old shall I have pleasure, my Master being old also? 13 And Yahweh said unto Abraham, Why did Sarah laugh, saying, Will I really bear a child, who am old? 14 Is any thing too hard for Yahweh? At the set time I will return unto you, when the season comes round, and Sarah shall have a son. 15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, No; but you did laugh.
16 And the men rose up from there, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. 17 And Yahweh said, Shall I hide from Abraham that which I do; 18 since Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? 19 For I have known him, to the end that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of Yahweh, to do righteousness and justice; to the end that Yahweh may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him. 20 And Yahweh said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; 21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done everything according to the cry of it, which has come unto me; and if not, I will know.
22 And the men turned from there, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before Yahweh. 23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Will you also consume the righteous with the wicked? 24 If there are fifty righteous within the city: will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are there? 25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked, that so the righteous should be as the wicked; that be far from you: shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? 26 And Yahweh said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sake. 27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Sovereign who am but dust and ashes: 28 perhaps there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: will you destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, I will not destroy it, If I find there forty and five. 29 And he spoke unto him yet again, and said, If there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for the forty’s sake. 30 And he said, Oh let not the Sovereign be angry, and I will speak: perhaps there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there. 31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Sovereign: perhaps there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for the twenty’s sake. 32 And he said, Oh let not the Sovereign be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: perhaps ten shall is found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for the ten’s sake. 33 And Yahweh went his way, as soon as he had left off communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.