And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2 Sanctify to me all the first-born, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
3 And Moses said to the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand Yahweh brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. 4 This day you go forth in the month Abib. 5 And it shall be, when Yahweh shall bring you into the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month. 6 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to Yahweh. 7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you, in all your borders. 8 And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, It is because of that which Yahweh did for me when I came forth out of Egypt. 9 And it shall be for a sign to you upon your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the law of Yahweh may be in your mouth: for with a strong hand has Yahweh brought you out of Egypt. 10 You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.
11 And it shall be, when Yahweh shall bring you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and shall give it to you, 12 that you shall set apart to Yahweh all that opens the womb, and every firstling which you have that comes of a beast; the males shall be Yahweh’s. 13 And every Firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck: and all the first-born of man among your sons you shall redeem. 14 And it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, What is this? That you shall say to him, By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 15 and it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that Yahweh killed all the first-born of beast: therefore I sacrifice to Yahweh all that opens the womb, being males; but all the first-born of my sons I redeem. 16 And it shall be for a sign upon your hand, and for frontlets between your eyes: for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us forth out of Egypt.
17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that Elohim led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for Elohim said, Lest perhaps the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 18 but Elohim led the people around, by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea: and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt. 19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had made the children of Israel certainly swear saying, Elohim will surely visit you; and you shall carry up my bones away from here with you. 20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. 21 And Yahweh went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; that they might go by day and by night; 22 the pillar of cloud by day, and the pillar of fire by night, departed not from before the people.
And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2 Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon: over against it shall you encamp by the sea. 3 And Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness has shut them in. 4 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; and the Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh. And they did so. 5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was changed towards the people, and they said, What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us? 6 And he made his chariot ready, and took his people with him: 7 and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them. 8 And Yahweh hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: for the children of Israel went out with a high hand. 9 And the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and they were greatly afraid: and the children of Israel cried out to Yahweh. 11 And they said to Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you dealt thus with us, to bring us forth out of Egypt? 12 Is not this the word that we spoke to you in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness. 13 And Moses said to the people, Fear not, stand still, and see the salvation of Yahweh, which he will work for you today: for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you shall see them again no more forever. 14 Yahweh will fight for you, and shall hold your peace.
15 And Yahweh said to Moses, Why do you cry to me? Speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward. 16 And lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go into the middle of the sea on dry ground. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them: and I will get honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh, when I have gotten honor upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. 19 And the angel of Elohim, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them, and stood behind them: 20 and it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness, yet it gave light by night: and the one came not near the other all the night.
21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and Yahweh caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all the night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 And the children of Israel went into the middle of the sea on the dry ground: and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the middle of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 And it came to pass in the morning watch, that Yahweh looked forth upon the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and confused the host of the Egyptians. 25 And he took off their chariot wheels, and they drove them heavily; so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for Yahweh fights for them against the Egyptians.
26 And Yahweh said to Moses, Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen. 27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it: and Yahweh overthrew the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, even all the host of Pharaoh that went in after them into the sea; there remained not as much as one of them. 29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the middle of the sea; and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left. 30 In this manner Yahweh saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 And Israel saw the great work which Yahweh had done to the Egyptians, and the people feared Yahweh: and they believed in Yahweh, and in his servant Moses.
Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to Yahweh, and spoke, saying,
I will sing to Yahweh, for he has triumphed gloriously:
The horse and his rider has he thrown into the sea.
2 Yah is my strength and song,
And he has become my salvation:
This is my El and I will praise him;
My father’s Elohim, and I will exalt him.
3 Yahweh is a man of war:
Yahweh is his name.
4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his host has he cast into the sea;
And his chosen captains are drowned in the Red Sea.
5 The deeps cover them:
They sank to the depths like a stone.
6 Your right hand, O Yahweh, is glorious in power,
Your right hand, O Yahweh, dashes in pieces the enemy.
7 And in the greatness of your excellency
you overthrow them that rise up against you:
You send forth your wrath, it consumes them as stubble.
8 And with the blast of your nostrils the waters were piled up,
The floods stood upright as a heap;
The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said,
I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil;
My desire shall be satisfied upon them;
I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
10 You blew with your wind, the sea covered them:
They sank as lead in the mighty waters.
11 Who is like you, O Yahweh, among the elohim?
Who is like you, glorious in holiness,
Fearful in praises, doing wonders?
12 You stretched out your right hand,
The earth swallowed them.
13 You in your mercy have led the people that you have redeemed:
You have guided them in your strength to your holy habitation.
14 The peoples have heard, they tremble:
Pangs have taken hold on the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Then were the chiefs of Edom dismayed;
The mighty men of Moab, trembling takes hold upon them:
All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.
16 Terror and dread falls upon them;
By the greatness of your arm they are as still as a stone;
Till your people pass over, O Yahweh,
Till the people that you have purchased pass over.
17 You will bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance,
The place, O Yahweh, which you have made for you to dwell in,
The sanctuary, O Yahweh, which your hands have established.
18 Yahweh shall reign for ever and ever.
19 For the horses of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and Yahweh brought back the waters of the sea on them; but the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea. 20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 21 And Miriam answered them,
Sing to Yahweh, for he has triumphed gloriously;
The horse and his rider has he thrown into the sea.
22 And Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. 23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. 24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? 25 And he cried to Yahweh; and Yahweh showed him a tree, and he threw it into the waters, and the waters were made sweet. There he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them; 26 and he said, If you will diligently listen to the voice of Yahweh your Elohim, and will do that which is right in his eyes, and will give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you, which I have put on the Egyptians: for I am Yahweh who heals you.
27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve springs of water, and seventy palm-trees: and they encamped there by the waters.
And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness: 3 and the children of Israel said to them, If only we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh-pots, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
4 Then said Yahweh to Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or not. 5 And it shall come to pass on the sixth day, that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. 6 And Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, In the evening, you shall know that Yahweh has brought you out from the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning you shall see the glory of Yahweh; because he hears your murmurings against Yahweh: and what are we, that you murmur against us? 8 And Moses said, This shall be, when Yahweh shall give you flesh to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; because Yahweh hears your murmurings which you murmur against him: and what are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against Yahweh. 9 And Moses said to Aaron, Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come before Yahweh; for he has heard your murmurings. 10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud. 11 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak to them, saying, In the evening you shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am Yahweh your Elohim.
13 And it came to pass at evening, that the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay around the camp. 14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness a small round thing, small as the hoar-frost on the ground. 15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, What is it? For they knew not what it was. And Moses said to them, It is the bread which Yahweh has given you to eat. 16 This is the thing which Yahweh has commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating; an omer a head, according to the number of your persons, shall you take it, every man for them that are in his tent. 17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered some more, some less. 18 And when they measured it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 19 And Moses said to them, Let no man leave of it until the morning. 20 However they listened not to Moses; but some of them kept part of it until the morning and it bred worms, and became foul: and Moses was angry with them.
21 And they gathered it morning by morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun grew hot, it melted. 22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 And he said unto them, This is what Yahweh has spoken, tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to Yahweh: bake what you will bake, and boil what you will boil; and all that remains over save it to be kept until the morning. 24 And they saved it until the morning, as Moses commanded: and it did not become foul, neither was there any worm in it. 25 And Moses said, Eat that today; for today is a Sabbath to Yahweh: today you shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it; but on the seventh day is the Sabbath, in it there shall be none. 27 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that there went out some of the people to gather, and they found none. 28 And Yahweh said to Moses, How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See, because Yahweh has given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days; remain you every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
31 And the house of Israel called the name of it Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 32 And Moses said, This is the thing which Yahweh has commanded, Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. 33 And Moses said to Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before Yahweh, to be kept throughout your generations. 34 As Yahweh commanded Moses, so Aaron put it before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they ate the manna, until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.