And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their hosts together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said to David, know assuredly, that you shall go out with me in the host, you and your men. 2 And David, said to Achish, Therefore you shall know what your servant will do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make you keeper of my head forever.
3 Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land. 4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and encamped in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they camped in Gilboa. 5 And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly. 6 And when Saul inquired of Yahweh, Yahweh did not answer him, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. 7 Then Saul said to his servants, Find me a woman that has a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that has a familiar spirit at En-dor.
8 And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, Divine to me, I pray you, by the familiar spirit, and bring me up whomever I shall name to you. 9 And the woman said to him, Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die? 10 And Saul swore to her by Yahweh, saying, As Yahweh lives, there shall no punishment happen to you for this thing. 11 Then the woman said, Whom shall I bring up to you? And he said, Bring up Samuel. 12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul. 13 And the king said to her, Be not afraid: for what see you? And the woman said to Saul, I see a mighty one coming up out of the earth. 14 And he said to her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man comes up; and he is covered with a robe. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground, and did obeisance.
15 And Samuel said to Saul, Why have you disturbed me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am grievously distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and Elohim has departed from me, and answers me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called you, that you may make known to me what I shall do. 16 And Samuel said, Why did you ask of me, since Yahweh has departed from you, and has become your adversary? 17 And Yahweh has done to you, as he spoke by me: and Yahweh has torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to your neighbor, even to David. 18 Because you did not obey the voice of Yahweh, and did not execute his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore Yahweh has done this thing to you this day. 19 Moreover Yahweh will deliver Israel also with you into the hand of the Philistines; and tomorrow shall you and your sons be with me: Yahweh will deliver the host of Israel also into the hand of the Philistines.
20 Then Saul immediately fell his full length upon the earth, and was very afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night. 21 And the woman came to Saul, and saw that he was greatly troubled, and said to him Behold, your handmaid has listened to your voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have listened to your words which you spoke to me. 22 Now therefore, I pray you, listen to the voice of your handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before you; and eat, that you may have strength, when you go on the way. 23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he listened to their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat on the bed. 24 And the woman had a fatted calf in the house; and she hurried, and killed it; and she took flour, and kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread of it: 25 and she brought it before Saul, and before his servants; and they ate. Then they rose up, and went away that night.
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by the fountain which is in Jezreel. 2 And the rulers of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish. 3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What are these Hebrews doing here? And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or rather these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell away to me to this day? 4 But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him; and the princes of the Philistines said to him, Make the man return, that he may go back to his place where you have appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he becomes an adversary to us: for with what should this fellow reconcile himself to his Sovereign? Should it not be with the heads of these men? 5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying,
Saul has killed his thousands,
And David his ten thousands?
6 Then Achish called David, and said to him, As Yahweh lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the host is good in my sight; for I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me to this day: nevertheless the generals do not favor you. 7 Therefore return, and go in peace, that you displease not the rulers of the Philistines. 8 And David said to Achish, But what have I done? What have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my Sovereign the king? 9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of Elohim: however the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle. 10 Therefore now rise up early in the morning with the servants of your master that have come with you; and as soon as you are up early in the morning, and have light, depart. 11 So David rose up early, he and his men, to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.
And it came to pass, when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had made a raid on the South, and upon Ziklag, and had attacked Ziklag, and burned it with fire, 2 and had taken captive the women and all that were in it, both small and great: they did not kill any, but carried them off, and went their way. 3 And when David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captive. 4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And David’s two wives were taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughter: but David strengthened himself in Yahweh his Elohim.
7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, I pray you, bring me here the ephod. And Abiathar brought there the ephod to David. 8 And David inquired of Yahweh, saying, If I pursue after this troop, shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue; for you shall surely overtake them, and shall without fail recover all. 9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they gave him water to drink; 12 and they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him; for he had eaten no bread, nor drank any water, three days and three nights. 13 And David said to him, To whom do you belong and from where are you? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days ago I fell sick. 14 We made a raid on the South of the Cherethites, and on that which belongs to Judah, and on the South of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. 15 And David said to him, Will you bring me to this troop? And he said, Swear to me by Elohim, that you will not kill me, or deliver me up into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this troop.
16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad over all the ground, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great plunder that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 17 And David fought them from the twilight even to the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, who rode on camels and fled. 18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had taken; and David rescued his two wives. 19 And there was nothing lacking to them either small or great, neither sons nor daughters, neither plunder, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David brought back all. 20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drove before those other cattle, and said, This is David’s plunder.
21 And David came to the two hundred men, who were so exhausted that they could not follow David, whom they also had made to remain at the brook Besor; and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them. 22 Then answered all the wicked men and base fellows, of those that went with David, answered and said, Because they did not go with us, we will not give them anything of the plunder that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, that he may lead them away, and depart. 23 Then said David, You shall not do so, my brethren with that which Yahweh has given to us, who has preserved us, and delivered the troop that came against us into our hand. 24 And who will listen to you in this matter? For as his share is that goes down to the battle, so shall his share be that waits by the baggage: they shall share alike. 25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.
26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the plunder to the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold, a present for you of the plunder of the enemies of Yahweh: 27 to them that were in Beth-el, and to them that were in Ramoth of the South, and to them that were in Jattir, 28 and to them that were in Aroer, and to them that were in Siphmoth, and to them that were in Eshtemoa, 29 and to them that were in Racal, and to them that were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them that were in the cities of the Kenites, 30 and to them that were in Hormah, and to them that were in Bor-ashan, and to them that were in Athach, 31 and to them that were in Hebron, and all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to haunt.
Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines killed Jonathan and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul. 3 And the battle went very much against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers. 4 Then Saul said to his armorbearer, Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armorbearer would not; for he was very afraid. Therefore Saul took his sword, and fell upon it. 5 And when his armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell upon his sword, and died with him. 6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armorbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were beyond the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and lived in them. 8 And it came to pass on the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armor, and sent into the land of Philistines all around, to carry the tidings to the house of their idol, and to the people. 10 And they put his armor in the house of the Ashtaroth; and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan 11 And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard that which the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan; and they came to Jabesh, and burned them there. 13 And they took their bones, and buried them under the tamarisk-tree in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.