1 Samuel 19-21

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1 Samuel 19

And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted very much in David. 2 And Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father is seeking to kill you: now therefore, I pray you, take heed to yourself in the morning, and remain in a secret place, and hide yourself: 3 and I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will commune with my father of you; and if I see anything, I will tell you. 4 And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he has not sinned against you, and because his works have been very good for you: 5 for he put his life in his hand, and killed the Philistine, and Yahweh worked a great victory for all Israel: you saw it, and rejoiced; why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause? 6 And Saul listened to the voice of Jonathan: and Saul swore, as Yahweh lives, he shall not be put to death. 7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as before.

8 And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and killed them with a great slaughter; and they fled before him. 9 And an evil spirit from Yahweh was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand. 10 And Saul sought to strike David even to the wall with the spear; but he slipped away out of Saul’s presence, and he struck the spear through the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night. 11 And Saul sent messengers to David’s house, to watch him, and to kill him in the morning: and Michal, David’s wife, told him, saying, If you save not your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed. 12 So Michal let David down through the window: and he went, and fled, and escaped. 13 And Michal took the teraphim, and laid it on the bed, and put a pillow of goats’ hair at the head of it, and covered it with the clothes. 14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick. 15 And Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him. 16 And when the messengers came in, behold, the teraphim was on the bed, with the pillow of goats’ hair at the head of it. 17 And Saul said to Michal, Why have you deceived me thus, and let my enemy go, so that he has escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said to me, Let me go: why should I kill you?

18 Now David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 19 And it was told to Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. 20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, the Spirit of Elohim came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied. 21 And when it was told to Saul, he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they also prophesied. 22 Then he also went to Ramah, and came to the great well that is in Secu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they are at Naioth in Ramah. 23 And he went there to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of Elohim came upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 And he also stripped off his clothes, and he also prophesied before Samuel, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?


1 Samuel 20

And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? What is my iniquity? What is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life? 2 And he said to him, Far from it; you shall not die: behold, my father does nothing either great or small, but that he reveals it to me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so. 3 And David swore moreover, and said, Your father knows well that I have found favor in your eyes; and he says, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he is grieved: but truly as Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death. 4 Then Jonathan said to David, Whatever your soul desires, I will even do it for you. 5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field until the third day at evening. 6 If your father misses me at all, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city; for it is the yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 7 If he says thus, It is well; your servant shall have peace: but if he becomes angry, then know that evil is determined by him. 8 Therefore deal kindly with your servant; for you have brought your servant into a covenant of Yahweh with you: but if there is in me iniquity, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father? 9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from you; for if I should at all know that evil were determined by my father to come upon you, then would not I tell it to you? 10 Then David said to Jonathan, Who shall tell me if your father answers you roughly? 11 And Jonathan said to David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.

12 And Jonathan said to David, Yahweh, the Elohim of Israel, be witness: when I have sounded my father about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if there is good toward David, shall I not then send to you, and disclose it to you? 13 Yahweh do so to Jonathan, and more also, should it please my father to do you evil, if I disclose it not to you, and send you away, that you may go in peace: and Yahweh be with you, as he has been with my father. 14 And you shall not only while I yet live show me the kindness of Yahweh, that I die not; 15 but also you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever; no, not when Yahweh has cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth. 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, And Yahweh will require it at the hand of David’s enemies.

17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. 18 Then Jonathan said to him, Tomorrow is the new moon: and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. 19 And when you have stayed three days, you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the business was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel. 20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. 21 And, behold, I will send the lad, saying, Go, find the arrows. If I say to the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of you; take them, and come; for there is peace to you and no hurt, as Yahweh lives. 22 But if I say thus to the boy, Behold, the arrows are beyond you; go your way; for Yahweh has sent you away. 23 And concerning the matter which you and I have spoken of, behold, Yahweh is between you and me forever.

24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon had come, the king sat himself down to eat food. 25 And the king sat on his seat, as at other times, even on the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul’s side: but David’s place was empty. 26 Nevertheless Saul spoke nothing that day: for he thought, Something has happened to him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean. 27 And it came to pass on the day after the new moon, which was the second day, that David’s place was empty: and Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why doesn’t the son of Jesse come to meat, neither yesterday, nor today? 28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem: 29 and he said, Let me go, I pray you; for our family has a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he has commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me go away, I pray you, and see my brethren. Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.

30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, You son of a perverse rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? 31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the ground, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Therefore now send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die. 32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be put to death? What has he done? 33 And Saul cast his spear at him to kill him; and Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to put David to death. 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 36 And he said to his lad, Run, find now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond you? 38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, hurry, do not stay. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew nothing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, Go, carry them to the city. 41 And as soon as the lad had gone, David arose out of a place toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept with each other, until David wept greatly. 42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have both sworn in the name of Yahweh, saying, Yahweh shall be between me and you, and between my seed and your seed, forever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.


1 Samuel 21

Then David came to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, Why are you alone, and no man is with you? 2 And David said to Ahimelech the priest, The king has commanded me a business, and has said to me, Let no man know anything of the business about which I send you, and what I have commanded you: and I have appointed the young men to such and such a place. 3 Now therefore what is under your hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever there is present. 4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under my hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women. 5 And David answered the priest, and said to him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days; when I came out, the vessels of the young men were holy, though it was but a common journey; how much more then today shall their vessels be holy? 6 So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the show-bread, that was taken from before Yahweh, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before Yahweh; and his name was Doeg the Edomite, the mightiest of the herdsmen that belonged to Saul. 8 And David said to Ahimelech, And is there not here under your hand spear or sword? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king’s business was urgent. 9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the vale of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if you will take that, take it; for there is no other except that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it to me. 10 And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. 11 And the servants of Achish said to him, Is not this David the king of the land? Did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying,

Saul has killed his thousands,

And David his ten thousands?

12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was very afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13 And he changed his behavior before them, and he pretended he was mad in their hands, and scratched on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down on his beard. 14 Then Achish said to his servants, Lo, you see the man is mad; why then have you brought him to me? 15 Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?

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