And Yahweh said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go: I will send you to Jesse the Beth-lehemite; for I have provided for myself a king among his sons. 2 And Samuel said, How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me. And Yahweh said, Take a heifer with you, and say, I come to sacrifice to Yahweh. 3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do: and you shall anoint to me him whom I name to you. 4 And Samuel did that which Yahweh spoke, and came to Beth-lehem. And the elders of the city came to meet him trembling, and said, Do you come in peace? 5 And he said, peaceably; I am come to sacrifice to Yahweh: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.
6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely Yahweh’s anointed is before him. 7 But Yahweh said to Samuel, Look not on his appearance, or on the height of his stature; because I have rejected him: for Yahweh sees not as man sees; for man looks on the outward appearance, but Yahweh looks on the heart. 8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither has Yahweh chosen this. 9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither has Yahweh chosen this. 10 And Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, Yahweh has not chosen these. 11 And Samuel said to Jesse, Are all your children here? And he said, There remains yet the youngest, and, behold, he is keeping the sheep. And Samuel said to Jesse, Send and bring him; for we will not sit down till he comes here. 12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes, and handsome appearance. And Yahweh said, Arise, anoint him; for this is he. 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the middle of his brethren: and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
14 Now the Spirit of Yahweh departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Yahweh troubled him. 15 And Saul’s servants said to him, Behold now, an evil spirit from Elohim troubles you. 16 Let our master now command your servants, that are before you, to seek out a man who is a skilful player on the harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from Elohim is upon you, that he shall play with his hand, and you shall be well. 17 And Saul said to his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me. 18 Then answered one of the young men, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite, that is skilful in playing, and a mighty man of valor, and a man of war, and prudent in speech, and a handsome person; and Yahweh is with him. 19 Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, Send me David your son, who is with the sheep. 20 And Jesse took an ass loaded with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul. 21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armorbearer. 22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray you, stand before me; for he has found favor in my sight. 23 And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from Elohim was on Saul, that David took the harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle; and they gathered together at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim. 2 And Saul and the men of Israel gathered together, and encamped in the vale of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 3 And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them. 4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 5 And he had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was clothed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze. 6 And he had greaves of bronze on his legs, and a javelin of bronze between his shoulders. 7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam; and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and his shield-bearer went ahead of him. 8 And he stood and cried to the armies of Israel, and said to them, Why have you come out to set your battle in array? Am I not a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose a man for you, and let him come down to me. 9 If he is able to fight with me, and kill me, then will we be your servants; but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall you be our servants, and serve us. 10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. 11 And when Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man was an old man in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men. 13 And the three oldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14 And David was the youngest; and the three oldest followed Saul. 15 Now David went to and fro from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Beth-lehem. 16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
17 And Jesse said to David his son, Take now for your brethren an ephah of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brethren; 18 and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brethren fare, and take their pledge. 19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. 20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the barricade, as the army which was going forth to the fight shouted for the battle. 21 And Israel and the Philistines put the battle in array, army against army. 22 And David left his baggage in the hand of the keeper of the baggage, and ran to the army, and came and saluted his brethren. 23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the ranks of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words: and David heard them. 24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were very much afraid. 25 And the men of Israel said, Have you seen this man that comes up? Surely to defy Israel has he come: and it shall be, that the man who kills him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father’s house free in Israel. 26 And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living Elohim? 27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that kills him.
28 And Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab’s anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the naughtiness of your heart, for you have come down that you might see the battle.29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause? 30 And he turned away from him toward another, and spoke after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
31 And when the words were heard which David spoke, they told them to Saul; and he sent for him. 32 And David said to Saul, Let no man’s heart fail because of him; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine. 33 And Saul said to David, You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 34 And David said to Saul, Your servant was keeping his father’s sheep; and when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock, 35 I went out after him, and struck him, and delivered it out of his mouth; and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and struck him, and killed him. 36 Your servant struck both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living Elohim. 37 And David said, Yahweh that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said to David, Go, and Yahweh shall be with you. 38 And Saul clothed David with his apparel, and he put a helmet of bronze upon his head, and he clothed him with a coat of armor. 39 And David girded his sword on his apparel, and he started to go; but he had not proved it. And David said to Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off. 40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in his wallet; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near to David; and the man that carried the shield went before him. 42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him; for he was but a youth, ruddy, and handsome. 43 And the Philistine said to David, Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks? And the Philistine cursed David by his elohim. 44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the heavens, and to the beasts of the field. 45 Then David said to the Philistine, You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a javelin: but I come to you in the name of Yahweh of hosts, the Elohim of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This day Yahweh will deliver you into my hand; and I will strike you, and take your head from off you; and I will give the dead bodies of the host of the Philistines this day to the birds of the heavens, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is an Elohim in Israel, 47 and that all this assembly may know that Yahweh saves not with sword and spear: for the battle is Yahweh’s, and he will give you into our hand. 48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came closer to meet David, that David hurried, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took from there a stone, and slung it, and struck the Philistine in his forehead; and the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine, and killed him; and there was no sword in the hand of David. 51 Then David ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath, and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. 52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, all the way to Gath, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath, and to Ekron. 53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they plundered their camp. 54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armor in his tent.
55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell. 56 And the king said, Find out whose son the young man is. 57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 58 And Saul said to him, Whose son are you, young man? And David answered, I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
And it came to pass, when he had finished speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was united with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father’s house. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. 4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his apparel, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle. 5 And David went out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and it was good in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.
6 And it came to pass as they came, when David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with timbrels, with joy, and with instruments of music. 7 And the women sang one to another as they played, and said,
Saul has killed his thousands,
And David his ten thousands.
8 And Saul was very angry, and this saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom? 9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
10 And it came to pass on the next day, that an evil spirit from Elohim came mightily on Saul, and he prophesied in the middle of the house: and David played with his hand, as he did day by day. And Saul had his spear in his hand; 11 and Saul cast the spear; for he said, I will strike David even to the wall. And David avoided him twice. 12 And Saul was afraid of David, because Yahweh was with him, and had departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. 14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and Yahweh was with him. 15 And when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he stood in awe of him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David; for he went out and came in before them.
17 And Saul said to David, Behold, MY older daughter Merab, I will give to you to wife: only be you valiant for me, and fight Yahweh’s battles. For Saul said, Let not my hand be on him, but let the hand of the Philistines be on him. 18 And David said to Saul, Who am I, and what is my life, or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king? 19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite to wife. 20 And Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. 21 And Saul said, I will give her to him, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Therefore Saul said to David, You shall this day be my son-in-law a second time.
22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you: now therefore be the king’s son-in-law. 23 And Saul’s servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And David said, Does it seem to you a light thing to be the king’s son-in-law, since I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed? 24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, according to these words spoke David. 25 And Saul said, In this manner shall you say to David, The king desires not any dowry, but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king’s enemies. Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king’s son-in-law. And the days were not expired; 27 and David arose and went, he and his men, and killed of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king’s son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife. 28 And Saul saw and knew that Yahweh was with David; and Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him. 29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul was David’s enemy continually.
30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, as often as they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was highly esteemed.